- Автор: © Карина Санлайф
- Категория: Business of Social Influence in Ukraine
- Опубликовано: 05 мая 2018
In Ukraine, the quantity of charities and public organizations is growing a few last years. Such organizations do not earn money themselves, but they attract money through donations or grants. However, even they increasingly require self-financing.
Social entrepreneurship (SE) is a new business model that is a hybrid between non-profit organizations and classic business. The activity of such entrepreneurs is aimed at solving socio-economic and environmental problems. And the main difference between a joint venture and a regular business is that their priority is social mission or value, and profits can be partly directed to social goals. At the same time, social entrepreneurship contributes to the development of society through the introduction of innovations, stimulates self-development and teaches helping itself and the environment.
With the reduction in the number of jobs, people need to look for other ways to provide for themselves and to solve other issues that previously were handled by government agencies. People go abroad to search for a job and a better life, but not everyone is lucky there, and it is not always easy to leave in а non-native country. Often they leave relatives at home, who need care and attention. Therefore, now, when there is a deterioration in the socio-economic situation, such a tool as social entrepreneurship may become a very effective means of preventing or solving many problems.
If businessmen of the city calculate among their employees how many there some receive subsidies for low-income or large families, as well as for single mothers, then it may turn out that the activities of many of them have already become social.
How to determine is business activity social or not? The WNISEF* Foundation considers entrepreneurship may be social if there is fulfilled 1 of the criteria:
- 20% of profit is deducted for charity or other social purposes.
- 50% of employees belong to socially vulnerable categories of the population.
- Less than 50% of employees from socially vulnerable categories and 10% of profits are paid to the charity or solving social problems.
The people from socially vulnerable categories are all those who have documents from the social security service, as well as retirees. A complete list of those categories is easy to find on the Internet. Entrepreneurs can prepare documents and receive grants for support or development their business if an activity has been registered for more than 1 year and has an established business model or at least a detailed business plan.
Also, the WNISEF Foundation provides loans with good conditions for social entrepreneurs and nongovernment organizations. Their conditions are: the amount of 10,000 to 100,000 USD in Ukrainian hryvnia, up to 36 months, and the rate of 5-10% per annum. There is already a decent list of those who received them. Preparation of documents and consideration of an application for such a loan or grant will take several weeks, but with this money, you can save jobs, develop the company or open a new business project. Therefore, these benefits of social entrepreneurship should be awarded and used them.
*For reference: The WNISEF Foundation funds innovative, high-performance projects aimed at implementing reforms and changing the lives of ordinary people in Ukraine and Moldova. The most famous companies that have received support from this fund are Pizza Veterano in Kiev and the My Atelier Brand in Dniepr, as well as many other companies in different regions of Ukraine.